Loaiza said that the high temperature and humidity that is typical of the region could slow down transmission, but the fact that many people congregate in areas that have air conditioners creates the conditions for the persistence of the new coronavirus.
Researchers from the University of Oklahoma and Johns Hopkins University also participated in the Covid-19 regional study.
Many people in the Latin American tropics congregate in areas with air conditioners, creating conditions for the virus, explained Panamanian scientist José Loaiza.
The other reality that Loaiza raises is due to the fact that many people in the Latin American tropics congregate in areas with air conditioners, such as offices, public transport and restaurants, among others, creating the conditions for the persistence of the new coronavirus, and accelerating its transmission by contact with surfaces.
This is described by Loaiza, who is also a scientist associated with the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) and a professor at the University of Panama.
The scientist, along with the other researchers, maintains that there are other transmission models that must be considered, especially the fecal-oral one, in other words, the consumption of contaminated water.
In this regard, Matthew Miller, a scientist from the University of Oklahoma, stated that fecal-oral transmission could be important for the expansion of Covid-19 in the region.
Miller's approach arises because, despite being a respiratory disease, there are several scientific studies that have shown that this is happening in densely populated and low-income areas.
He stressed that the danger lies there, since SARS-CoV-2 can survive for several weeks in room temperature water, especially in areas where access to drinking water and sanitation is very low.
Researchers from Johns Hopkins University also participated in the study, concluding that in Latin America and the Caribbean it is necessary to be more aggressive than in Europe and North America against this new coronavirus, and that it can be considered the learning pandemic, in which social, economic and government sectors must adapt to the dynamics of Covid-19.